Las Vegas is one of the crown jewels of the U.S. tourism industry. Its glitz, glamour and attractions, coupled with an unrelenting invitation to go for the jackpot, stay out late and live extravagantly, make it an international tourist destination. But as with most cities that host major tourist attractions, the polished facade hides a world of crime, drug addiction and other social ills. There’s a reason why it has earned the moniker Sin City.
There is no certain way to eliminate crime from society, but Nevada officials are hoping to at least remove a few offenders from the cycle of crime and incarceration that has helped fuel a nearly 70 percent recidivism rate among the state’s prisoners.
About three miles away from the famous Las Vegas Strip — a four-mile stretch of casinos and other attractions popular with tourists — a new nondescript building in an industrial part of town is attracting a different crowd.
Developer: The Molasky Group
Owner/Operator: Nevada Department of Corrections
Architect: Swisher and Hall
Construction Manager: KGA
General Contractor: The Korte Company
Detention Equipment Contractor: Habersham Steel Cells
Security System Consultant: Amtec Communications
Food Service Consultant: Southwest Air Conditioning
“The Casa Grande concept is a very highly structured emergence back into society with gradual increases in freedom to residents,” says Rich Worthington, president of Molasky Group, the firm that developed the facility.
Attack of the NIMBYs
When the study was conducted, the state was processing about 4,000 inmates both in and out of its facilities annually. Offenders that finished their sentences were given $25 and released with their prison clothes.
“The study pointed out through numerous testimonies that we were lacking in programs and more importantly, transitional services,” Crawford says. “We knew that, but we felt like it needed to be documented.”
Furniture was supplied by Nevada Department of Corrections prison industries.
“We were basically thrown out of each of the cities,” Worthington says. “Nobody really wanted this project in their backyard.”
An appropriate location was eventually found in unincorporated Clark County, which ended up being a blessing in disguise. The industrial area is home to several companies that could benefit from the DOC’s goal to find employment for offenders in transition. Manufacturers, laundry services, a service station and several companies that provide services for businesses on the Strip are all located in the area.
Although, this is the first correctional facility project Molasky has been involved with, Crawford credits the company’s experience and community ties with successfully landing the site.
A kitchen at the facility provides meals for up to 400 inmates.
Working on a Solution
Despite all the potential pitfalls that Las Vegas has to offer an offender on the road to rehabilitation, it has at least one benefit — lots of entry-level jobs.
“One of the challenges that we have in Vegas, because we have such a dynamic economy — gaming makes about $9 billion and conventions bring in about $6 billion — we are almost at full employment here,” Worthington says. “It is very difficult to find a good supply of disciplined entry-level workers that are willing to work at just above minimum wage. Casa Grande is very appealing to a lot of employers that are trying to find help that is in the lower salary price range.”
The program is straightforward: Only inmates without a history of sex offenses who have not been charged with a violent crime within the last five years need apply. Offenders who are accepted to the program arrive at the facility about three months before their sentence is complete. They must find employment and once they have a job they have a two-hour time limit to return to the facility before they are considered escapees.
Ventilators: Captive Air
Steam Kettles: Market Forge
Cabinet Steamers: Market Forge
Walk-In Coolers/Freezers: Kysor
Ovens: Market Forge
Custom Stainless Equipment: Southwest Air Conditioning
Correctional Furniture: Nevada Department of Corrections
Security Systems: Viscount Mesh
CCTV: Silicor DVR, Sony Cameras (Amtec Communications)
UPS: APC UPS (Amtec Communications)
Touchscreen system: Viscount Mesh
Televisitation system: Polycom, Inc. (Video Conference)
Intercom: Viscount Mesh
Card Access: Viscount Mesh
Personal Alarm System: Viscount Mesh
Security Glazing: Beals Royal Glass & Mirror
Security Windows: Beals Royal Glass & Mirror (Insulated Glass)
Security Cell Doors: The Hallgren Company
Security Fencing/Gate: A&D Gate and Access
Security Locks: Adams Rite Electric Strikes
Security Sprinkler Equipment: Westar Fire protection
Security Fire Equipment: Notifier
Smoke Detection System: Notifier
Concrete: Northstar Concrete
Exterior Finish: Tilt Up Concrete
Roofing: Single Ply
Gypsum Wallboard: Pabco
Floor/Wall Tile: Armstrong
Plumbing: Universal Plumbing
HVAC: Source Refrigeration
Which is good thing, according to Howard Skolnik, deputy director of prison industries, since the facility is being partially funded by daily payments of $17 from each offender. Worthington says the payment system saves the state about $3 million annually.
The method is financially beneficial for the state, according to Skolnik, but it sometimes means that offenders get a little too much freedom before they are ready for it.
“We push them out to get jobs, so they can pay rent, perhaps faster than we should,” Skolnik says.
With all the lures back into a criminal lifestyle that Vegas has to offer — the party atmosphere, gambling, vulnerable tourists, drugs — wouldn’t that make offenders more likely to fail? Not necessarily, according to Skolnik.
“The primary problems that we have with our offenders are drugs and alcohol and that is found in almost every community within the United States,” Skolnik says. “We have guys that are working in those casinos and they’re doing great. I think either you want to succeed and therefore when the temptation goes by you ignore it, or you don’t get it, in which case you are going to go back to prison.”
Although it will take several years for a comprehensive study to be completed on Casa Grande’s effect on Nevada’s recidivism rate, so far, the facility’s results look promising. During the first six months of operation, about 400 inmates were housed at the facility and 225 inmates completed the program successfully. Twenty-eight inmates walked out of the facility, but 26 were recaptured. There were about 100 inmates who were returned to prison because they could not secure employment or they failed a drug test.
Facility Name: Casa Grande Transitional Housing Facility
Type: two-story dorms, single-story administration building; concrete tilt-up with steel, structure and single-ply roof
Construction Budget: $11.6 million
Number of Beds: 400
Area: 79,540 square feet
Start Date: Dec. 8, 2005
Completion Date: Dec. 19, 2006
Crawford, the former Nevada DOC director, says she thinks that Casa Grande can serve as a bellwether for re-entry centers, which in the past have typically been designed on a much smaller scale.
“This is the largest, but I think we may have set a trend for people to be bold in their planning,” Crawford says.
And, those large facilities could be the product of the Molasky Group.
“We’ve very proud of this and we hope to bring it to other states,” Worthington says. “We are currently looking at California and other western states.”